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Quotation marks are an essential component of written language. They serve to enclose and distinguish speech, direct quotes, or titles from the rest of the text. In this article, we will explore the various uses and conventions surrounding quotation marks.

Types of Quotation Marks

There are three main types of quotation marks: the single quotation mark (' '), the double quotation mark (" "), and the angled quotation mark (« » or ‹ ›). Usage and preference vary depending on the language and context. In English, the most common types are the single and double quotation marks.

Use of Quotation Marks for Speech

Quotation marks are primarily used to indicate direct speech or a quotation. When a speaker's exact words are being quoted, they are enclosed within quotation marks. For example:

"I will meet you at the library," said John.
Mary asked, "Can you pass me the salt, please?"
The teacher exclaimed, "What a fantastic idea!"

However, it is important to note that only spoken words should be enclosed in quotation marks. Indirect speech or reported speech does not require quotation marks. For example:

John said that he would meet me at the library.
Mary asked if I could pass her the salt, please.

Quotation Marks for Titles

Quotation marks are also used to indicate titles of short works such as articles, poems, short stories, or songs. These titles are enclosed within double quotation marks. For example:

I just read an interesting article called "The Importance of Recycling."
One of my favorite songs is "Bohemian Rhapsody" by Queen.

For longer works such as books, movies, plays, or albums, it is customary to use italics or underline the title instead of quotation marks. For example:

I recently watched the movie The Shawshank Redemption.
Have you read the book To Kill a Mockingbird?

Quotation Marks within Quotation Marks

When a quotation appears within another quotation, single quotation marks are used. For example:

Mary said, "John told me, 'I will meet you at the library'."

If a quotation within a quotation contains another quotation, you can use double quotation marks as normal. For example:

John said, "Mary asked me, 'Can you pass me the book called "Pride and Prejudice", please?'"

Closing Thoughts

Quotation marks play a crucial role in written communication. They help us distinguish and emphasize direct speech, quotations, and titles, adding clarity and meaning to our writing. By using quotation marks correctly, we can ensure that our words are accurately represented and understood.

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